In the 21st century we can be proud to have discovered the cure for malaria, Ebola, polio and to prevent some types of cancer, as well as to eradicate them completely if they are discovered in time. However, despite this, we continue to be surrounded by several incurable diseases.
Many of these incurable diseases will be known to us. To contract them is something quite frequent, to the point that we have come to normalize. However, with some of them ignoring the symptoms and not treating them can lead to death.
1. Common cold
All of us have had one or several colds throughout the year. This disease is very contagious . If we are near someone who has a cold, blows his nose and sneezes, it is very likely that we have already been infected.
Although this first of the incurable diseases of our century has been normalized, it is one of the main causes why adults can not go to work and children miss school. Therefore, it can limit us a lot.
At present, there is a phrase that we always hear: “the cold must be passed” . Because although we can treat the symptoms and reduce them a little to be able to continue attending our responsibilities, this disease has no cure.
Asthma is an incurable chronic disorder that inflames the airways causing coughing, wheezing, tightness in the chest or dyspnea. This disease usually appears before 10 years of age and is present throughout the life of the individual who suffers.
For asthma there is no medication or pill that completely eradicates it . Although over the years, some people notice how it decreases and is not as strong as when they were children.
The way to control asthma, which can reach in some cases to put at risk the life of the person, is to try to avoid what causes it. However, the use of inhalers will help keep your symptoms away.
HIV, also known as the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, still has no cure in the 21st century . However, not all people with AIDS have the disease. Some are only carriers. Let’s see what the difference is:
- HIV-positive carrier : the result indicates that the individual has AIDS antibodies and is not sick. It is only a carrier. It can transmit the disease, but it does not affect it.
- Sick seropositive : the result shows evidence that the individual has AIDS and the disease is active, not latent.
At present, although HIV is one of the incurable diseases, there are treatments that improve and increase the quality of life of the people diagnosed. Antiretroviral therapy , for example, has very good results.
Diabetes is another of the incurable diseases of our century . This condition causes people to always be aware of their blood glucose levels. There are two types of diabetes, type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Type 2 is the one diagnosed most frequently. Let’s see what particularities each one has:
- Type 1 diabetes : the body produces antibodies that destroy insulin, so the only option is to inject it daily.
- Type 2 diabetes : the body does not produce or use insulin in the right way, but with a good diet and exercise it can be controlled.
Although diabetes is very present in our society, this disease can cause death . Therefore, it is necessary to control it and learn to live with it in the best possible way.
Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that usually develops after 45 years. However, there are cases in which symptoms can start much earlier. Just as a cure for this disease is unknown, its causes are not defined either. It is believed that genetic factors, problems in brain chemistry or unfavorable circumstances that trigger it.
At present, many of the symptoms of schizophrenia can be treated and controlled . For example, hallucinations or delusions. However, there is no cure for it.
There are other types of incurable diseases, in addition to those mentioned, so we still have a long way to go. Thanks to the research that is still being done and advances in medicine , perhaps the conditions to which we have alluded to have a definitive cure someday.