Osteoporosis is a disease of the bone system that can occur by decalcification of bones, vitamin D deficiency or genetic factors.
Occurs when the bony parts suffer wear in their internal microstructure , decreasing their density and support capacity.
Product of this increases the risk of fractures and, in addition, and severe pain are generated.
Although it is a frequent disorder in the elderly, some may suffer prematurely due to injuries or habits that deteriorate the bones.
The most worrisome is that many still do not know how serious it can be and, due to the absence of symptoms, they ignore that they are suffering from it.
For this reason it is essential to know all the data about its development and, in case of having risk factors, consult the doctor.
Next we want to share 6 relevant aspects that, for health, everyone should know.
1. Risk factors
The weakening of the bone pieces usually occurs due to the low absorption of calcium and vitamin D, especially when reaching old age.
- Deficiency of these nutrients reduces bone density and, in the event of injury or illness, can cause fractures and irreversible damage.
- This situation can occur due to genetic factors , although it is also associated with that occur in adulthood.
- The excessive consumption of tobacco and alcohol also influence their development.
- The decrease in estrogen levels during and after menopause is another linked cause.
- You are more likely to suffer from it if you suffer from anorexia or bulimia.
Unfortunately, this disease is one of the “silent enemies” of the organism, since it does not manifest itself with blunt symptoms until it becomes a more serious problem.
- Often, the detection occurs when the person suffers some fracture before knowing that he suffers from the disease.
- This injury can occur even without receiving significant trauma or trauma.
- It is possible to suspect its presence when up to 5 centimeters in height are lost.
- Some get to develop what is known as “widow’s hump” , characterized by causing a stooped posture.
To detect the disease , a medical study known as BMD must be performed , which consists in measuring .
- It is an X-ray of low radiation that does not take much time or generate pain.
- The revision of the spine and hip can show a fracture or vertebral crush.
- Common X-rays of other bones are usually not as accurate to know if this condition exists.
While there are many factors that can lead to their development, the continued practice of healthy habits is crucial to minimize risks.
- Thus, it is essential to ensure an optimal absorption of calcium and vitamin D , including in the diet the foods that contain them.
- The National Osteoporosis Foundation (
- The consumption of sodium and saturated fats should be limited , since they hinder the .
- It is important to increase the absorption of magnesium, since it also helps to conserve bone density.
- The daily practice of an exercise routine is beneficial , since it serves to strengthen the bones and improve coordination and balance.
5. Medications to stop or reverse the problem
Currently there are drugs whose properties combat the loss of bone density, avoiding serious consequences such as fractures.
- Among these are bisphosphonates , whose objective is to prevent bone wasting by inactivating cells known as osteoclasts, which are intended to absorb bone tissue.
- Calcium and vitamin D supplements are also recommended , especially when it is difficult to absorb them.
- Estrogen treatments help prevent and combat the disease in the case of .
6. Side effects of the treatment
Although drugs for the treatment of this disease can be effective, it is important to know that, in most cases, its widespread use can cause side effects.
Among these are:
- Joint and muscle pain
- Esophageal damage
- Burning in the stomach
- Arrhythmias and heart palpitations
On the other hand, it must be mentioned that, although there is a treatment, the drugs mentioned have a “deadline” to take effect.
That is to say, about 3 years later, it must be analyzed how much they have served or what negative effects they have caused.
In certain cases it is necessary to take “breaks” of consumption and spend several periods without medication, as continuing it for a long time is dangerous.
For this reason, if you have risk factors, perform a bone densitometry periodically.