Depression is a mood disorder that is characterized mainly by the persistent presence of a feeling of sadness that affects the perception of the person and prevents him from truly appreciating or assessing the positive aspects in his life. This means that a person with depression tends to minimize or ignore the positive and focus attention on their suffering.
This condition is also defined as a picture of sadness, melancholy and prolonged suffering that interferes with the sufferer’s routine. This interference can reach the extreme levels in which the person may not even want to leave the home for weeks or years.
Other possible manifestations can also be isolation, the abandonment of personal care, the fact of stopping talking or moving and, in severe cases, the person can even develop a suicidal thought.
Depression involves going several steps beyond sadness, therefore, it is important to know how to differentiate between them and be as assertive as possible.
There are several hypotheses about the physiological causes of depression. However, the truth is that depression depends on a wide variety of factors (psychological, social, biological, cultural, etc.). Everything depends on the case, therefore, you should not generalize about it.
The most common hypotheses about the physiological causes of depression point to a deficit in the segregation of serotonin (neurotransmitter responsible for producing the feeling of well-being in the body). On the other hand, there is a
Types of depression
- Severe depressive disorder. The person suffers intense pain,
- Dysthymia It occurs over a prolonged period of time (more than 2 years) and affects multiple areas of the person.
- Psychotic depression In some cases, it is complicated by the appearance of delusions or hallucinations.
- Postpartum depression. It occurs after giving birth. In addition to the symptoms cited, they also reject the newborn.
- Low self-esteem.
- Lack of concentration.
- Feelings of guilt and uselessness.
- (sleeping too little or too much).
- Thoughts or suicidal attempts. This only happens in the most severe cases.
- Existential emptiness and despair. Patients do not find meaning in life or have faith in the future.
- Changes in appetite. While some people eat compulsively, others barely eat
- Anhedonia. Loss of interest in activities that they enjoyed: they find it hard to find satisfaction in their hobbies and in their relationship with people.
The symptoms of depression may be present in other disorders and, therefore, health professionals are referred to the DSM-V or the ICD-10.
However, there are diagnostic protocols designed (tests) that although they help to evaluate the patient are not definitive at the time of making a diagnosis. The most used is the “Beck Depression Inventory” (BDI), which consists of a questionnaire that measures according to a series of factors.
According to the results obtained in the BDI (plus another type of tests and the respective psychological interview), it will be possible to diagnose the presence or not of depression
There are different types of depression treatment that depend on the therapist’s approach. The most validated scientifically is the cognitive-behavioral treatment. In some cases, pharmacological treatment is also used, as a method of support, as well as a series of recommendations or
In addition to treatment and emotional support from the patient’s environment, it depression. This is the most common mood disorder , but also the most misunderstood.
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