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Borderline personality disorder

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a mental disorder whose diagnosis is difficult. It consists of a malfunction of the limbic system . This is the part of the brain that is responsible for managing emotions. This poor performance involves very complex symptoms, so it can be confused with other diseases and   Frequently, the design of the treatment is erroneous on more than one occasion.

In this sense, a wrong diagnosis can lead to the administration of drugs that are contraindicated for borderline personality disorder . Consequently, such drugs can worsen the patient’s condition.

Symptoms of borderline personality disorder

It is possible that TLP shares manifestations with other ailments, a fact that explains the complications that we mentioned. Therefore, it is important to know the wide spectrum of symptoms that these people suffer

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Fear of abandonment

Borderline personality disorder

People with borderline personality disorder feel extreme fear that their loved ones will abandon them. According to stressful episodes during childhood are recurrent in them. Among them, mistreatment, family detachment, an

All this causes a dysfunction in the limbic system that causes this intense dread , comparable to that which occurs when physical integrity or life is at risk. There is a possibility that it may lead to a problem of social adaptation, which can be translated into conflicting or toxic relationships or into pictures of agoraphobia.

Impulsive behavior

When a healthy person is in a given situation, the brain is activated to assess it and make a decision. In this process, both logical and emotional analysis intervene. That is, the two hemispheres work; however, in the case of a person with borderline personality disorder, there is an imbalance in which .

This explains why they act with an exacerbated impulsivity , which can lead to risk behaviors: unprotected and compulsive sex, verbal and physical aggression, self-harm,

Extreme mood swings

Borderline personality disorder

Being intensely emotional people, any stimulus is likely to change your a sense of existential emptiness seizes them , to the point that they attempt against their own life.

On the other hand, the state of euphoria also has negative consequences , since decision-making is approached with a distorted vision of reality. This means that, again, they will adopt risky behaviors, while increasing their exposure to a disappointment that will be experienced with the same intensity

Dissociation in Personality Limit Disorder

It is about the perception that one is out of reality , even outside oneself. Understood as a defense strategy against the imbalance of feelings, the brain comes to be understood as a reality different from the rest. This leads to an emotional block and isolation . Thus, they avoid everything that causes them pain, anger, anger or incomprehension. This phenomenon can be momentary, long-lasting or chronic.


Psychotherapy and support groups

Borderline personality disorder

The appearance of dissociation is a sample of how lonely and misunderstood they come to feel . Therefore, psychotherapy and accompaniment are essential . Among all the alternatives, the most used are cognitive-behavioral and participation in support groups.

The first is aimed at improving the perception of reality , as well as the behaviors linked to it. On the other hand, sharing their feelings freely, not only to express themselves, but also accompanied and understood, benefits them in their self-esteem and self-image.

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Pharmacological therapy

Given the complexity of the pathology, adjusting the medication is one of the most complicated tasks . However, the most common are:

  • Antipsychotics
  • Anti convulsants.
  • Selective serotonin capture inhibitors.

However, there is no standard treatment, but rather it adapts to the patient’s symptoms. Each patient diagnosed with BPD is different , so specialists find it very difficult to reach an adequate diagnosis. However, the process is becoming shorter and therapies more personalized.


Gunderson, JG, Weinberg, I., & Choi-Kain, L. (2013). Borderline personality disorder. In JM Oldham, JC Fowler, DJ Hales, & MH Rapaport (Eds.), Personality Disorders (I) (pp. 15-33). Focus.

Borderline personality disorder