Patients are usually elderly, it is a more prevalent disease in women, which debuts in the sixth or seventh decade of life. As the pathology progresses, the patient goes from being slow to losing consciousness about their environment and about themselves.
The margin of loss of cognitive functions is greater the higher the IQ of the person before becoming ill. In addition, the younger the patient, the faster the disease progresses. We must bear in mind that in evolution there are always fluctuations.
In these periods, the patient seems to have improved and his limitations are not as evident. This presents an obstacle when establishing an early diagnosis.
Currently , the causes that lead to the presence of this problem are unknown . However, alterations in brain structure have been identified, such as the formation of senile plaques, neurofibrillary tangles and granulovascular degeneration.
Certain risk factors that increase the risk of developing this disorder have also been identified . Among the most important we can mention the genetic inheritance, age and unhealthy habits such as the consumption of
Within the treatment we can differentiate different remedies such as the use of medications or therapeutic sessions. Likewise, it has recently been discovered that a brain implant can also combat this type of disorders.
Brain implant to treat the symptoms of Alzheimer’s.
It is a procedure or a surgical intervention in which a reduced neurostimulator is implanted in the patient’s brain. As a general rule they are called implant devices for deep brain stimulation (DBS or Deep Brain Stimulation in English).
This treatment is usually tried in the early stages of the disease, when it has been shown to be more effective.
This device can appear as a chip and is capable of imitating the daily functioning of the nervous system affected by the pathology. We can also find the placement of fine wires in the brain to simulate lost connections.
In this way , other capacities that deteriorate with the evolution of the pathology are stimulated . As a general rule, doctors or drugs can reduce the decrease in memory (both long-term and short-term). However, they can not encourage other common skills such as decision making, problem solving, organizing and planning ideas etc.
These functions are usually managed by regions of our brain called . This is the most frequent location of the implants since they are the activities that are most altered during the disorder.
According to the clinical tests some patients also showed a great improvement in their cognitive abilities.
One drawback of the method in the face of its numerous advantages is the excessive amount of time needed to verify the improvement. As a general rule, these functions are usually enhanced after one or two years after neurosurgery.
Likewise, this class of techniques is being used to treat other neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s disease . However, we are investigating the best implants that can be used to make the treatment more efficient.
To do this, experts believe that within a decade the neurotransmitters will be fully developed.
New research is also underway to discover new treatments that may ease symptoms. In the future they could be applied without the need to perform an intervention on the patient.
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