It is estimated that around 1.4 million women living with HIV or HIV become pregnant each year.
With advances in medicine and technology, in recent years it has been possible to reduce the rate of mother-to-child transmission (as the transmission of the HIV virus from the mother to the fetus is known) to 5%.
However, when the mother diagnosed with the risk of transmitting the disease to her child during pregnancy, delivery or lactation ranges between 15 and 45%.
In order to keep the maternal and child transmission rate as low as possible, the World Health Organization (WHO), in collaboration with other world entities, is committed to accelerating prevention processes , without a cure has yet been achieved. definitive
Despite this, Cuba has managed to take an important step that is promising in the fight against sexually transmitted diseases , as well as in the goal of a free generation of the HIV virus.
In Cuba there is no longer HIV transmission from mother to child
In a ceremony that took place on Tuesday, June 30, 2015 at the headquarters of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO, the WHO regional office) in Washington DC (United States), the WHO recognized Cuba as the first country to eradicate the transmission of the HIV virus from mother to
In this event, WHO gave Cuba a certification that recognizes it for fulfilling this double challenge, in which they have worked for many years.
Cuba’s success demonstrates that universal access and health are feasible and that, indeed, they are the key to success, even in the face of such overwhelming challenges as HIV , said Carissa Etienne, director of PAHO.
In addition, the credits for the Cuban country were reinforced by the Director General of the WHO, Margaret Chan, who assured that the elimination of the transmission of a virus is one of the greatest possible achievements in the field of health.
Within the framework of this initiative, some strategies have been implemented in Cuba in recent years, including early and HIV and syphilis tests for both pregnant women and parents .
In addition, if the pregnant woman tests positive, she and her baby continue to be treated, in order to reduce the risk of transmitting the virus .
As a result, Cuba recorded in 2014 only 2 cases of babies born with HIV, and five more with congenital syphilis . Undoubtedly, a very encouraging figure in the fight to eliminate the mother-to-child transmission of these diseases.
Although Cuba is the first country to receive official certification, according to PAHO, there are 6 other countries that are also in a position to be validated by this achievement , as is the case of the Caribbean of Anguilla and Montserrat, Barbados, Canada, United States and Puerto Rico.
The challenge continues!
According to the data given by the World Health Organization through a statement, that range of 15 to 45% of chances of transmission of HIV from mother to child can fall to only 1% when given antiretroviral to both the during all the phases in which the transmission can take place.
Thanks to the timely attention, the number of children born each year with HIV has been reduced by almost half since 2009, from 400,000 to 240,000 in 2013. Despite this, the figure is far from the marked for 2015, which was expected to descend to 40,000.
Therefore, the fight against mother-to-child transmission of both HIV and syphilis still has many challenges ahead and WHO continues to encourage countries to continue their efforts against this problem.