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Diabetes mellitus type 2: causes, symptoms and treatment

Type 2 diabetes mellitus, also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes , accounts for at least 80% of cases of diabetes worldwide.

It is diagnosed by its symptoms, which are reflected in the patient’s metabolic system, manifested mainly by the excessive elevation of blood sugar (hyperglycemia) and eventually produces side effects in the nerves, vessels or some more serious complication.

The majority of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus have different degrees of obesity and this can cause , which trigger another series of conditions such as hypertension, high cholesterol levels, triglycerides and uric acid.


Diabetes mellitus type 2: causes, symptoms and treatment

The main causes of diabetes mellitus are obesity, sedentary lifestyle and poor diet, as well as genetics and family history.

Diabetes mellitus occurs when insulin does not perform its function correctly , which is based on converting glucose into energy. This disorder generates an accumulation of glucose in the blood (hyperglycemia) which leads to a set of symptoms due to the malfunctioning of the pancreas.

This disease has a progressive development; that is to say, it worsens with the passage of time without making any discrimination between obese or thin patients.

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Diabetes mellitus type 2, in its early stages, does not present any type of symptomatology and this can last for a few years, while it is in a state of insulin resistance. After the sugar exceeds normal blood levels, symptoms such as:

  • Arterial hypertension.
  • Exhausted.
  • Blurry vision.
  • Be excessively thirsty
  • Triglycerides.
  • Weakness.
  • Hungry.
  • Fatigue.

These symptoms are the indicators that you are in the presence of a possible case of diabetes mellitus type 2. If the symptoms persist for a long time, it is advisable to go to the doctor to request a medical check-up.

Treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus

Diabetes mellitus type 2: causes, symptoms and treatment

Diabetes is a disease that has no cure , so it requires treatment to avoid complications in the short, medium and long term. In other words, the treatment is aimed at maintaining the patient’s quality of life and stabilizing it.

According to the it is necessary to: currently, diabetes mellitus is the first cause of inclusion in programs of renal replacement therapy, which includes hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis and renal transplantation. For this reason, it is very important that the treatment starts early and has an appropriate medical follow-up.

In the case of diabetes mellitus type 2, the treatment is aimed especially at lowering blood sugar levels and, in turn, keeping them at an adequate value. Therefore, the best way to maintain a healthy lifestyle , consisting of a good diet as well as a regular exercise routine.

Physical activity

Exercise is very important for people suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus because of the following aspects:

  • Provides energy
  • It helps improve circulation.
  • Prevents arterial hypertension.
  • It serves to lower stress levels.
  • It helps lower and maintain blood sugar levels without the need for medication.

It is very important that, before starting any routine or exercise program, consult with the doctor, since people with diabetes mellitus type 2 should take into account several restrictions and measures when exercising.

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Balanced feeding

Diabetes mellitus type 2: causes, symptoms and treatment

is essential in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. It is very important to consult with the doctor or a nutritionist about the most suitable diet for the patient. In particular, it is necessary to take into account what is the amount of carbohydrates that can be consumed per day, as well as fats and proteins.

The person who suffers from diabetes, should try to maintain a healthy weight. In case of obesity, you should try to lose weight (with medical help) to achieve your own well-being and reduce possible complications. It should be noted that many patients stop needing medication when a healthy weight is present; This does not mean that diabetes disappeared but that it is controlled.


Climbing, Javier. Diabetes mellitus type 2. In: .

Diabetes mellitus type 2. In:

Diabetes mellitus type 2: causes, symptoms and treatment