The diet against hypothyroidism suggests increasing the consumption of some foods that counteract the effects of decreased thyroid hormones. Although the plan may vary in each patient, it is generally advisable to guarantee some nutrients.
It should be remembered that this disorder is a trigger of metabolic diseases, nutritional deficiencies and heart difficulties. Therefore, although at the beginning it does not produce relevant symptoms, it is better to control it following a healthy diet .
Considering that many face this condition, next we want to share the 5 recommended foods. Also, first we review some of its characteristics for those who do not know what it is .
What is hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid is a disease of the thyroid gland that develops by a decrease in the production of hormones. It usually affects 60-year-old women, but anyone can develop it, even in adolescence .
Since thyroid hormones affect vital functions such as metabolism, circulation and cardiac health, its decrease negatively impacts well-being. In addition, it is linked with overweight, as it is one of its main consequences .
Causes of hypothyroidism
Among the main causes of hypothyroidism we find:
- Genetic factors or congenital defects
- Iodine deficiency in the diet
- Radiation therapy against cancer
- Treatment with lithium or other drugs
- Sheehan syndrome during pregnancy
- Viral infections (for example, common cold)
- Autoimmune diseases
Symptoms of hypothyroidism
- Alarming weight increase
- Sensation of extreme tiredness or hypersensitivity
- Slow intestinal transit (constipation)
- Cold intolerance
- Irregular menstrual periods
- Coarse facial expressions, hoarse voice and slow diction
- Fallen eyelids or bulging eyes
- Dry and brittle hair
- Pale and scaly skin
- Brittle and weak nails
- High cholesterol
- Swollen limbs
- Muscle pain and stiffness
Recommended foods for a diet against hypothyroidism
Following a diet against hypothyroidism can complement the effects of the treatments prescribed by the doctor. Although it does not involve “miraculous” formulas or supplements against the disease, it does help to ensure a better contribution of the beneficial nutrients . We then review the most important things.
1. Foods with fiber
The consumption of fiber is essential in any diet against thyroid problems. This nutrient favors the control of the corporal weight, since it supports the digestion and prolongs the satiety. Also, avoid high sugar spikes and fatigue , common in patients with hypothyroidism.
Some options are:
- Integral rice
- Fruits (low glycemic index)
2. Omega 3
The omega 3 fatty acids are protagonists in the diet against hypothyroidism. Because of their ability to regulate cholesterol and fight inflammation , they are essential to mitigate the impact of reduced thyroid hormones .
It can be obtained naturally from:
- Blue and white fish (salmon, tuna, mackerel, sardines)
- Walnuts and pistachios
- Seeds (flax, chia, sunflower)
3. Foods rich in selenium
Foods that contain selenium support the functions of the immune system and prevent disorders such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. For this reason, the consumption of 200 mg of this nutrient favors hormonal control and diminishes the discomforts typical of the underactive thyroid.
Selenium can be found in:
- Nuts and almonds
4. Vitamins of the B complex
An adequate absorption of vitamins of the B complex improves the functioning of the thyroid gland and mitigates fatigue. For example, vitamin B12, in particular, prevents anemia and helps maintain healthy hair and nails. For its part, vitamin B9 helps regulate hormones and controls anxiety .
The foods that provide them are:
- Whole Dairy
- Lean meats
- Fortified cereals
- Wheat germ
5. Foods with iodine
Iodine is an essential trace element that intervenes in the health of the thyroid gland. Due to this, the foods that contribute are key in the diet against hypothyroidism. This nutrient is also combined with the amino acid tyrosine to promote the production of hormones.
An average adult requires about 150 μg of iodine per day. Here we highlight its sources:
- Sea salt enriched with iodine
- Seaweed (kelp, wakame, arame)
- Beans or white beans
- Organic strawberries
- Dairy products
- Baked potatoes with skin
6. Tyrosine sources
As was clear in the previous section, tyrosine binds to iodine to optimize the production of thyroid hormones . Therefore, to restore their adequate levels in case of hypothyroidism, it is essential to increase their intake.
Foods that contain it:
- Sesame seeds
Do you include these foods in your diet against hypothyroidism? Enjoy them from now on. Finally, keep in mind that they are not a basis for food, but a complement . Therefore, you must follow the instructions of the nutritionist.