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Appendicitis

What is appendicitis? Acute appendicitis consists of inflammation of the worm-shaped appendix . It is a very frequent pathology, being the surgical urgency more common. Although it can occur at all ages, its appearance is more frequent between 20 and 40 years . Although in another age range it is rare, the symptoms are more nonspecific and the risk of perforation much higher. Another situation of special delicacy is appendicitis in pregnant women , which appears in the second trimester. On the one hand, because due to the growth

Alzheimer's treatment

Alzheimer's disease is, like the rest of the At present, there is no Alzheimer's treatment that ends with the disease. Dementia affects more than worldwide but it is expected that this figure due to the aging population, tripling by 2050. E l 70% of the boxes corresponds to dementia Alzheimer's disease. The main objectives of Alzheimer's treatment are the following : Properly control psychological and behavioral symptoms. Prevent associated pathologies. Delay as much as possible the loss of functional capacity of the patient.

Acute renal failure: causes and symptoms

Renal failure is a condition of the kidneys that is characterized by its inefficiency to perform a proper glomerular filtration, a process that gives rise to urine. The kidneys are two organs located in the lower lumbar area that are part of the urinary system. They are located on both sides of the spine and are irrigated by the renal arteries. On the other hand, it is interesting to know that anatomically the left kidney is intimately related to the pancreas. The kidneys are connected by means of the ureters with the bladder

Brunner syndrome

Brunner syndrome is a rare disease that has recently been discovered. In this, there is some intellectual disability, of a mild nature, in addition to an impulsive and violent behavior that appears in the patient's first years of age. This disease was first described in 1993 by scientist Hans Brunner. Through a study of a Dutch family, Brunner observed that several members of a family had these characteristics. Causes of Brunner syndrome Brunner syndrome is a disease of a genetic nature, in which mutations appear in the MAO gene that

Gastritis

Gastritis is the inflammation of the gastric mucosa; that is to say, the layer of cells that covers our stomach exerting a barrier between the gastric juices and the tissue. The function of these cells is protective, because without them the walls of the stomach would be irritated due to the acid nature of the substances. There are many actions that can lead to gastritis, but among the most common Excessive use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (known as Autoimmune diseases and other disorders of the immune system. Viral

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is a disease of the endocrine system. The term describes the set of clinical manifestations that occur as a result of an excess of action of the thyroid hormones on the tissues. Normal functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis Thyrotropin (TSH) is released in the anterior pituitary gland in response to hypothalamic thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH). TSH binds to its specific receptors, located in the thyroid cells. As a result, a series of processes are initiated whose final result is the synthesis and release of thyroid hormones. T4 is

Treatment of achondroplasia

Although the treatment of achondroplasia is not specific or cure the disease , it does include a series of techniques and means to ensure the welfare of the patient, as far as possible, and depending on the severity of the complications that arise. Usually, when a child has achondroplasia, he does not need special medical attention. Nevertheless; it is recommended to keep track of the disease. In this way, the treatment of achondroplasia is really aimed at combating possible complications that arise. . The care of the patient will be

Hydrocephalus: symptoms and treatment

Hydrocephalus is a disease that refers to a pathological accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain , which causes an excessive increase in intracranial pressure. In physiological situations, this substance is located both in the brain and along the spinal cord within the spinal canal. CSF formation and origin of hydrocephalus The CSF is produced constantly and fulfills several essential functions for the Central Nervous System (CNS) . Among other activities, nourishes and eliminates product waste (metabolites). It also exerts a cushioning role when protecting the brain from strong blows

Cleft lip: causes and treatment

The cleft lip is a congenital defect that refers to the cleft lip. It is one of the most frequent malformations in newborns (it affects 1 in 500), being more prevalent in males than in females. We can distinguish two types of this disease according to whether or not the cleft palate is present . In any case, this alteration is always related to poor development of the palate and upper lip during the first months of fetus formation. During fetal development there are parts that close in their training period until

Bronchopulmonary abduction: what it is and what it consists of

Bronchopulmonary sequestration refers to a structural alteration of the lungs in which a part of the lung structure or parenchyma is isolated from the rest of the respiratory system , so it does not function properly. It is a rare congenital malformation, accounting for 2% of lung resections (surgeries in which a part of the lung is removed). There are two types of bronchopulmonary sequestration: intralobar and extralobar. Physiology of the respiratory system The main function of the respiratory system is to allow the entry of oxygen into the body, vital requirement

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