This autoimmune disease causes the release of certain antibodies, the Thyroid Stimulating Immunoglobulins (TSI) that attack this region of the body. Thus, the cells that form this gland synthesize a greater number of hormones, modifying the functions of different parts of the organism. This medical condition is called hyperthyroidism.
Normally, the hypothalamus and pituitary gland are able to detect the levels of thyroid hormones in the blood. In this way, the production of another compound, the Thyroid Stimulating Hormone or THS, is released or reduced.
This substance increases the synthesis of thyroid hormones according to the amount that our body needs at any time. However, during hyperthyroidism the HRT has a very reduced or no synthesis to not contribute to the overproduction of the substance.
As a general rule, this condition of the patient is due to underlying disease of Graves-Basedow .
Symptoms of Graves-Basedow Disease
Although this pathology affects only the thyroid gland directly, its functions are so extensive that it alters other bodily activities. Therefore, the most frequent symptoms or signs that we associate with this disorder are:
Hyperplastic goiter or increase in the dimensions of the thyroid gland
The goiter is located in the throat, in front of the trachea. Small nodules can also form in this body region. The pressure developed by the swelling can lead to problems swallowing and breathing in some clinical cases.
Hyperthyroidism or increased activity of the thyroid gland
On the other hand, this medical condition of the individual presents other characteristic alterations such as:
- Hyperactivity The patient is restless or nervous and may even have insomnia and muscle tremors. Also, the individual may feel weak, fatigued or tired by this medical condition.
- Lack of concentration, are people who are easily distracted.
- Alterations in his state of humor. It can also be easily irritated and show signs of memory loss.
- Arrhythmias or modification of the heart rate of the person. As a general rule, there is usually a strong tachycardia (palpitations occur and the heart rate exceeds one hundred pulses per minute).
- Difficulty to carry out daily activities, the patient feels a lack of air that prevents him from continuing.
- Sweating (may occur both during the day and at night). The individual may also present a greater sensitivity or discomfort to the increase in temperature.
- Increased appetite or desire to eat. This increase in body activity requires a greater amount of nutrients. However, due to the increase in the speed of metabolism, the patient loses weight in a short period of time (unwittingly).
Causes of Graves-Basedow Disease
Currently, there is no recognized cause that triggers this type of disease. However, a large percentage of clinical cases present a history of this class of autoimmune disorders.
Diagnosis of Graves Disease Basedow
The medical team can carry out a series of medical tests in order to identify this disease and rule out other pathologies. For example:
- Physical exam. With it, the doctor can check the symptoms that the patient may present, especially goiter.
- Blood test. The levels of antibodies and hormones related to the thyroid gland are checked.
- Other tests that can be performed are images of the affected region. As a general rule, ultrasounds or scans of the area are performed.
Treatment of Graves-Basedow Disease
The ultimate goal of treatment is to alleviate the symptoms that the patient presents. Usually the following recommendations are followed:
- Beta-blocker medications They treat both the cardiac alteration and the patient’s feeling of anxiety.
- Antithyroid drugs or with . Thus, they reduce the formation of different hormones by normalizing the activity of the gland.
- Surgery Surgical interventions are performed to remove the gland, so that its function must be supplemented with other medications.
Prevention of Graves-Basedow Disease
On the other hand, we can adopt a series of guidelines that reduce the risk of developing a large class of diseases. For example, maintain a healthy diet and perform moderate physical exercise. Likewise, we will avoid unhealthy habits such as alcoholism, smoking or the consumption of toxic substances.
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