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Omeprazole

Omeprazole is the drug representative of the group of proton pump inhibitor drugs (PPI) , used for stomach problems such as heartburn and We will explain the following aspects regarding omeprazole: Mechanism of action Pharmacokinetics Metabolism Adverse effects Interactions Indications Mechanism of action The stomach has an acidic pH due to the HCl produced by the parietal cells of the gastric mucosa. This characteristic acidic pH of the stomach is essential for the digestion of food to achieve:

Gingivitis or inflammation of the gums

Gingivitis or inflammation of the gums is a very common and annoying pathology. In fact, more than half of the adult population has suffered this condition at least once. Although most of the gingivitis are not serious, they can be complicated and give more serious pictures such as periodontitis, which can cause mobilization or even tooth loss. For this reason, it is interesting to know the early symptoms of this pathology in order to avoid complications. What are the gums? The gums are a fibromusic tissue that covers the surface

Chlorphenamine: what it is and how it acts

Chlorphenamine is a first generation antihistamine used to treat different allergic manifestations such as seasonal rhinitis, conjunctivitis, urticaria and other symptoms. In addition, along with epinephrine, it is used in anaphylactic reactions. We will see the following points about chlorphenamine: Mechanism of action. Pharmacological actions. Pharmacokinetics Adverse reactions. Mechanism of action Chlorphenamine is an antihistamine drug that reversibly and competitively inhibits the binding of histamine to its H1 receptors. There are 4 different receptors for histamine. H1 is found in

Renal colic: causes and symptoms

Renal colic is the obstruction of it or the ureters usually as a result of a stone formed by the sedimentation of minerals in the kidney. It presents as a sharp pain of great intensity in the lower back that can also radiate to the sides. It is estimated that between 10% and 15% of the world population has suffered this type of colic. Men are more likely to suffer from it , in a 3 to 1 ratio compared to women. The pain that causes renal colic is one of the most

Peritonitis: causes, symptoms and treatment

Peritonitis is an inflammation, usually an infection, of the peritoneum and the peritoneal cavity. The peritoneum is a serous membrane that surrounds the abdominal viscera and the abdominal cavity. It has two layers, forming the space between them the peritoneal cavity. When this structure is colonized by microorganisms it gives a serious picture that requires a rapid intervention. Anatomy of the peritoneum The peritoneum is a membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and forms folds to cover the abdominal viscera . The viscera covered entirely by peritoneum are called

Anisocoria or asymmetry in the dilation of the pupils

The pupil is that black circle that is observed in the center of the eye. Under normal conditions, the pupil enlarges when there is little light and contracts when there is a lot of light. Well, anisocoria occurs when the size of the pupil of one eye grows or decreases more than that of the other eye . The word anisocoria comes from two Greek roots and one Latin. It is composed of the Greek prefix "aniso", which means "inequality". It also comes from the Greek root "Kore", which means "pupil" and

Sprue or tropical stomatitis

Sprue or tropical stomatitis is a rare disorder , of which the specific causes are unknown . What is known is that it affects people who live or visit the tropical or subtropical zones for long periods. Hence the name of the disease. Suspicions suggest that it is an infectious disease, although it has not yet been confirmed. The most commonly accepted is that immunological and environmental factors combine in this disease. What has been advanced is the definition of its symptoms and the establishment of mechanisms to formulate the diagnosis.

Good pharmaceutical care

Some people believe that the pharmacist's role is to sell drugs or any product available to the patient without further involvement and that no training is needed for that job. However, the role of a pharmacist goes beyond simple customer service. It is true that many professionals in this area assume that role without establishing a relationship with the patient. Despite this, there are many pharmacists who do their job in the health area, which is essential and important when it comes to avoiding medication errors and improving treatment. How is pharmaceutical

Tumor markers: what they are and what they are for

Cancer is one of the main causes of mortality in developed countries. Normally, human cells grow and divide to create new cells as the body needs them and when they get old or damaged, they die, and new cells replace them. This disease develops due to an abnormality in this cell growth, when this process goes out of control and some cells begin to divide indiscriminately and spread to the surrounding tissues. This lack of control can occur in almost any part of the body. When the cells become more and more

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is an infection caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis . In ancient times it was known as "tisis" and is estimated to have existed for more than 20,000 years, although it was initially transmitted by other microorganisms. According to the World Health Organization, more than a third of humanity has been exposed to the bacteria. It is estimated that currently 30% of the planet's inhabitants have the disease in a latent state . Of that percentage, at least 10% will develop active tuberculosis. Each year about 8 million people

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