The nocturnal bites of mosquitoes are quite annoying. They cause itching, swelling and, sometimes, allergic reactions. The female is responsible for the attacks . It uses its sharp buccal apparatus (proboscis), to extract the blood of its victims and to favor the production of its eggs.
Although the prick does not usually cause pain , the saliva released by the animal generates a red welt on the skin. Next, symptoms such as itching, blisters or rashes appear. However, the greatest risk is the spread of diseases such as dengue and malaria, among others.
Why do mosquitoes bite?
Mosquitoes abound throughout the world . It is said that there are some 3,500 species, and that each female puts about 3,000 eggs a year.
Hence, the possibility of getting rid of a bite is almost impossible. However, there are people who (by genetics) are more likely to receive their punctures . Additionally there are other aspects that affect the bites.
Those who wear dark clothes are more prone to having mosquito bites. This is due to the unique predilection of these animals for black and blue.
The type of blood also has to do. Studies suggest that people with blood O attract more mosquitoes than type A. It also involves the segregation of substances such as cholesterol, sweat, ammonia and lactic acid. It even acts the presence of cutaneous bacteria and high body temperatures.
Other factors that attract mosquitoes
Insects lurk at any time of the day , but nocturnal bites of mosquitoes are very common. They do not do it on a whim, nor by chance; Apparently, they have a biological clock like humans. That would be what guides them to go out at night to look for their sustenance.
Generally, mosquitoes are released to people who emit greater amounts of carbon dioxide , such as the elderly and pregnant women. Also those who do not bathe, move too much, use sweet perfumes or suffer from excessive sweating on the feet.
Mosquitoes do not have good eyesight, but good smell . The smell leads to its victim. And it is the individual predisposition that determines the intensity of response to the bite.
Particularly in Spain, mosquito bites are not linked to serious diseases, unlike in Africa and Asia.
What to do to prevent mosquitoes’ nocturnal bites?
The first indication to avoid nocturnal mosquito bites is the use of repellents . Despite being effective, their application must be done with caution. Keeping the area of the mouth and eyes away, as well as wounds or areas damaged by the sun. These products do not kill them, but they do take them away.
Its effects usually last up to 8 hours , and are offered in several presentations: spray, towels, creams, ointments, and so on. Whichever is chosen, it must be of low toxicity, reduced interactions and effectiveness against several species.
The installation of mosquito nets is another solution. Ideally, your holes should measure 1.2 mm by 1.2 mm, and be placed on doors, windows and around the bed. There are light insecticides that can be sprayed on them for greater care.
Other actions to repel mosquitoes
- Nothing that is done to control the outbreak of mosquitoes in the home is exaggerated. Besides biting, these insects interrupt sleep with its powerful buzz. With these means, you can fight against them without effort.
- Wear anti-mosquito bracelets . Its composition of citronella and other repellents, provides security.
- Eradicate the habitat. In stagnant water sources they reproduce, so they must be eliminated.
- Wear appropriate attire Long, light-colored garments serve as protection.
- Use natural remedies Near the access points and windows you can have plants or substances that scare away mosquitoes. Vinegar, basil, eucalyptus and thyme are suitable for this. Vaporizer plugs are practical and easy to use.
- Maintain hygiene Although it sounds obvious, it is necessary to disinfect the sheets with hot water and vacuum. It is also necessary to clean the drawer of the bed and the headboard, and fumigate.
After the bites, it is recommended to wash the area, avoid scratching and place cold compresses. If it stings too much, you can take an antihistamine recommended by the doctor. If it becomes contaminated, it will be best to resort to the nearest health center.
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