Do you think your thyroid is not working properly? We give you a series of keys so that you can check if they have some kind of problem.
As we know, the thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland that is found in the neck, in front of the windpipe.
This represents a key role in the body, since it is responsible for producing the hormones thyroxine and triiodothyronine, as well as regulating the body’s metabolism and the function of different organs .
The reason for its great importance is that every cell of the body depends on the thyroid hormones for its growth and development.
Therefore, among other functions that our body performs constantly, influence:
- Heart rate
- Cholesterol levels
- Body weight
- The energy level
- Muscle strength
- The conditions of the skin
- Menstrual regularity
- The memory
The thyroid makes use of iodine to produce its hormones. This element is essential for its proper functioning, and the body obtains it from food.
A deficient supply of iodine can alter the functioning of the thyroid or aggravate it.
We can obtain iodine through foods such as:
- Dairy products (yogurt, cheese, milk)
- Fruits (orange, apple, pineapple)
- Vegetables (beet, chard, onion)
Most frequent symptoms
Unfortunately, there is no specific symptom to detect if the thyroid is functioning poorly from the earliest stages or if the gland fails.
However, the truth is that clinical laboratory tests are the most accurate test.
It is important to know that thyroid abnormalities have common symptoms that can be confused with other disorders such as:
Thyroid can increase its size and modify its structure. In such cases it receives the name of “goiter” and is presented through a small lump in the neck.
- Unfortunately, the complications of the thyroid gland are usually asymptomatic, but can cause difficulties in swallowing, breathing or producing changes in the voice.
- On the other hand, the most well-known functional alterations are hyper and hypothyroidism, which may or may not be accompanied by an increase in the size of the gland.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism is up to four times more frequent than hyperthyroidism and involves a decrease in the production of thyroid hormones.
The imbalance generated can lead to irregular body functioning.
Some of the symptoms that this problem presents are:
- Cold intolerance
- Loss of appetite
- Weight gain (between 2 and 4 kilos, product of fluid retention)
- High blood pressure
- Cold, dry, rough and rough skin
- Thinner or thicker and drier hair
- Difficulty concentrating and memory problems
- Talk and slower movements
- Irregularities in the menstrual cycle
- Muscle and joint pains
- Decay and drowsiness
In the case that you have hypothyroidism you must maintain a balanced and varied diet that contains foods of all groups, especially those rich in fiber and low in fat.
Also, it is recommended to increase daily physical activity.
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism is another problem that the thyroid can present.
Unlike hypothyroidism, in this disorder the body produces more thyroid hormones than necessary, which generates an increase in the body’s metabolic rate.
Among the most frequent symptoms we find:
- Increase in heart rate (palpitations) and blood pressure
- Nervousness and anxiety
- Increased appetite and weight loss
- Sensitivity to heat
- Fine and brittle hair
- Muscular weakness
- Vision problems
- Menstrual irregularity
- Frequent bowel movements
- Increased sweating
In the case that you have hyperthyroidism you must maintain a balanced diet and at the same time very energetic.
If you suspect that you may have an irregularity with this gland, go to your doctor to carry out the pertinent tests and refer you to the specialist to obtain an adequate treatment.
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