Is it dangerous to take contraceptives during pregnancy? The use of contraceptive pills for family planning is very frequent. However, they are not 100% effective . In fact, there are cases of pregnancy despite consuming them correctly.
This is important, as some women do not realize they are pregnant and continue to take these pills . In this article, we explain if the chemicals in the contraceptives can affect the baby.
What are birth control pills?
Birth control pills are small tablets that are taken daily. Generally, they contain two synthetic female hormones: estrogen and progesterone, which stop the secretion of the pituitary gland. In this way, ovulation is stopped , that is, ovular development is suppressed.
Progesterone, meanwhile, helps the sperm does not reach the egg. This effect is achieved by altering the cervical mucus or by modifying the endometrium. Also, there are also pills on the market with only one hormone: progesterone.
Like the combined pill, progesterone inhibits ovulation and also prevents the sperm from reaching the egg and fertilizing it . In summary, contraceptive pills are composed of female hormones: estrogen and progesterone. However, how do contraceptives act during pregnancy?
Because estrogens are more than female hormones, you know: Estrogens
Contraceptives during pregnancy: Are there any risks?
Some studies carried out in the 80s and 90s indicated that there was a certain relationship between the use of oral contraceptives and malformations in the fetus. For example, an investigation carried out in a hospital in Cuba (1989-1992) showed that of 103 mothers who used contraceptives during pregnancy, 62 had children with congenital malformations.
The researchers of this study point out that the malformations are generated due to the teratogenicity of the oral contraceptives , that is, to the ability of the medication to cause deformities in the fetus during its development.
The hypothesis is that the chemicals contained in the pills are kept in the mother’s blood for a long time. In fact, they interfere in embryo-fetal development. This could generate anal, renal, limb, vertebral defects in the trachea and esophagus.
The research indicates that the drugs that most frequently affected the generation of malformations were oral contraceptives and drugs for the treatment of mental illness.
For this reason, the specialists who conducted this study recommended avoiding any type of contraceptive during pregnancy; the same with certain medications.
What new studies have discovered
It is important to note that, currently, there is no consensus within the scientific community on the subject . In fact, there are also no particular indications about the negative effects of contraceptives during pregnancy.
For example, a Mexican social security institution reports that the uninterrupted use of contraceptive pills during pregnancy does not harm the baby . Well, by taking them, ovulation is prevented and the cervical mucus thickens to prevent the passage of sperm. However, it is recommended to stop using it s.
No dangers, reports Princeton University
In addition, the Office of Population Research at Princeton University indicates that there is no evidence that emergency contraceptive pills cause birth defects in babies . This statement also applies in the case of regular-use contraceptive pills. This is because they contain the same type of hormones.
In a very complete investigation of recent publication (February 2018), this Princeton Office explains that there are two compelling reasons to say that birth control pills do not harm the fetus in its development .
The first is that estrogen and progesterone did not increase the risk of birth defects in children of mothers who did not know they were pregnant, but who continued to use these pills. In fact, it indicates that the United States Food and Drug Administration removed warnings about the damage to the fetus from the pill boxes.
The second reason has to do with the development of organogenesis, that is, the process of formation of primary tissues and organs that make up the baby. The taking of contraceptive pills occurs long before the child’s conception. Therefore, birth defects caused by the pills would be unlikely .
In recent years, it has been found that taking contraceptives during pregnancy is not dangerous . It has even been possible to identify the main risk factors of genetic malformations, among which are: pesticides, tobacco, alcohol, obesity and hereditary agents.
So mothers who are not exposed to any of the aforementioned risk factors and took contraceptives during pregnancy can rest easy. The risks for the integral development of their babies are insignificant .