The pepper is one of the most consumed vegetables and of which more than 150 different varieties are known, although they can be divided into two large groups, spicy and sweet.
They are foods rich in fiber, vitamins, carbohydrates and antioxidants, especially vitamin C , doubling the amount of oranges or strawberries.
A characteristic component is capsaicin, more abundant in the spicy varieties, which has antibiotic, analgesic and stimulating action of the gastric mucosa and the gallbladder.
Great source of vitamins present in the pepper
– Vitamin C : has numerous properties and participates in innumerable biological processes, but if we must highlight one is its powerful antioxidant action, stimulating the immune system, healing and protective against cardiovascular diseases.
– Carotenoids : its antioxidant action adds to that of vitamin C.
– Vitamin A : it is necessary in the growth and maintenance of the bone structure and has a determining role in the male and female reproductive function and in the correct development of pregnancy.
– Folates : are necessary in the formation of antibodies, white blood cells and red blood cells and in the synthesis of genetic material. It is well known that their contribution is very necessary during pregnancy and childhood.
– It also contains vitamin E and other B vitamins such as B1, B2, B3 and B6 .
In addition to its great wealth in vitamins, contains a lot of fiber and water that, together with its low caloric intake, make it possible to consume it calmly if a hypocaloric diet is followed, it is recommended, because in addition, the fiber has satiating effect and laxative. Similarly, it helps control constipation.
As for its mineral composition, the pepper contains potassium, which confers diuretic action, magnesium, phosphorus and calcium , although these three in smaller proportion.
Its consumption is recommended in situations of deficit or need of extra iron supply, as it can be in case of anemia, after accidents or interventions, in pregnancy and menstruation.
Finally, indicate that those people who have more sensitive stomach, should consume more cautiously the spicy varieties, as it can irritate the gastric mucosa. However, sweet peppers neutralize gastric acidity.