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Public pools and the risk of infections

Children splash, adults

T he public pools are a symbol of fun , recreation and family vacations. The problem is that the biggest attraction of summer also harbors some risks that we should consider.

In these public places, water can become an effective channel for the transmission of many infections capable of affecting various parts of our body.

Maintenance and continuous cleaning are very important, but they are not 100% guaranteed.

Sometimes cleaning and chlorine are not enough to protect us from some microorganisms.

Why are there infections in swimming pools?

Water is one of the ideal scenarios for the reproduction and survival of an infinity of passive and harmful

Bromine and chlorine contribute to its elimination, but there are always factors that facilitate pollution.

The worst thing is that the first contaminating factor comes from the bathers themselves .

  • Among the susceptible elements of contamination, there is rust, sweat, mucus and even the excrement of birds and other animals.

The picture is complicated when the water is heated by the sun’s rays. All these conditions together facilitate the rapid reproduction of bacteria and parasites that, on occasion, survive the cleaning tasks.

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What kind of risks are there in the pools?

Enteric and non-enteric viruses

Public pools and the risk of infections

Non-enteric viruses are those that are normally associated with the submerged bath, because they are contagious through contact with the skin.

  • For example, the papilloma causes a wart and that kind of benign condition can be transmitted while in the water.
  • The hands and feet are the parts with greater vulnerability to these forms of infection.

These environments also lend themselves to the transmission of enteric conditions. This is the case of the involuntary intake of liquid or parasites that come into contact with the skin and can cause diarrhea, vomiting and stomach pain.


Salmonella is one of the most common and is transmitted by the accumulation of feces in ponds. Also, there are others of environmental origin.

Pathogenic protozoa

These microorganisms are also transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of water. The problem is that they are related to the high level of toxicity created by the use of some chemicals.

The same chlorine that is intended to kill microorganisms can trigger pathogenic protozoa, if used excessively.

According to this, the risks of the pool will somehow be present in each bathroom. The balance in cleaning is fundamental to our health.

The case of pools with excess chlorine is also dangerous. This type of treatment can cause lung diseases, such as asthma, or tooth erosion.

The pool and delicate skin

Public pools and the risk of infections

When coming into direct contact with pathogens, the skin is perhaps the most vulnerable part of all .

  • For example, people suffering from acne may be more affected in their wounds when they come into contact with water.
  • One of the dermal

These are dry pustules that rest on the elbows and knees. Although it is not considered a serious illness, its treatment is very slow.

  • In the water there are also fungi and that is why it is not uncommon to contract athlete’s foot , after a good dive.

Everything said above does not mean that we can not go to spend a day of water relaxation. There are precautions we can take to avoid getting sick.

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How to avoid infection

Use insulating elements

Plastic sandals, swimming pool goggles and ear plugs can save us from ailments such as athlete’s foot, eye inflammations and otitis.

Shower after the bath

Public pools and the risk of infections

with drinking water is important after a day of bathing. Carrying a soap in your bag will help eliminate germs on the skin.

Avoid swallowing water

It is important to avoid enteric viruses that can affect the digestive system. This is fundamental in the case of children.

With their games and their beginnings in the different swimming modalities, they tend to swallow more water than would be advisable.


Public pools and the risk of infections