Much is said about these eating disorders : they appear in magazines, television and online news portals.
However, they can not always be recognized by someone close to us. In this article we tell you what are the main signs of anorexia and bulimia so you can detect them in time.
Anorexia and bulimia, more frequent in young people
Both food problems affect adolescents and are related to the false images of beauty that appear in the media.
Young people consider that being fat is synonymous with ugliness and lack of acceptance on the part of others.
The insecurity in relation to the body leads many women (and more and more men) to suffer an eating disorder.
Among the most known and frequent are bulimia and anorexia. Both are serious and affect the psychological as well as the physical plane .
In the early stages of the disease, family members or friends do not realize what is happening, or they do not talk about it for fear of appearing nosy or fatalistic.
The affected person may feel ashamed for what he or she does, but he or she is not encouraged to communicate it to their loved ones out of fear of prejudice or because they believe that there is no possible solution.
Even some do not talk about their illness because they do not accept or recognize it.
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What is bulimia?
The first step to detect this problem in a loved one is to know its main characteristics.
After having passed that episode probably not eat for a day or two, but will relapse with a new “binge”: consume more food than the body or stomach can support in a short time.
This intake is almost always composed of high-calorie foods such as chocolates, cakes, ice cream, etc.
Since those people who suffer from bulimia feel very embarrassed, hide the symptoms and eat in secret (for example, at dawn or away from home).
What is anorexia?
Unlike bulimia, which is a little harder to detect, at least in the first moments, anorexia is an eating disorder whose signs may be more visible .
The obsessive fear of gaining weight, losing weight too fast and not eating for prolonged periods are the most obvious signs.
A person with anorexia perceives their body image in a very different way from what it is in reality. This means that, even though she has lost many pounds and the bones are felt through her skin, she will continue to say that she is fat.
Anorexia can appear between 12 and 25 years , being the most critical stage adolescence (from 14 to 19 years of age) and be more recurrent in women (the comparison with male patients is 1 to 10).
Not being happy with the body is something normal even during youth, but the problem lies in what is the reaction or habits that can lead to this disease.
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What are the signs of bulimia and anorexia?
It is very important to pay attention to the people around us, especially if they are in the stage of adolescence and begin to show signs of extreme disagreement with their body .
The main signs of bulimia and anorexia are:
- Practice of strict diets (not advised by doctors). Fear of gaining weight. Significant loss of weight or muscle mass.
- Alterations in the perception of body image. Look in the mirror continuously.
- Alterations in the menstrual cycle. Constant cold
- Denial to eat in front of people. Excuses for not eating (being very busy, stomach hurt, etc.). Social isolation.
- Excessive exercise Always talk about weight, calories or fats. Uncontrolled and hidden binge.
- Alterations of sleep and insomnia.
- Tooth decay and loss of teeth. Fragile nails and hair loss.
- Weakness and fatigue. Dizziness and nausea.
- Consumption of diuretics and laxatives. Abuse of pills to lose weight.
In the event that someone close to us (friends, siblings, children, etc.) present several of these symptoms, it would be good to talk first and then help them make the decision to consult with a psychologist .
If bulimia or anorexia are detected and treated early, they are diseases that, fortunately, can be reversed.