Sinusitis is inflammation of the paranasal sinuses . There are several types of sinusitis depending on the duration of it and its severity. Despite this, it is a very common pathology that affects a large part of the population.
Some of the risk factors that influence the appearance of sinusitis are the following:
- Contact with contaminated water
- Allergic rhinitis
- Immunological alterations, which predispose the organism to suffer these pathologies
- Cystic fibrosis
- Nasal polyps
- Previous respiratory infections
Sinusitis is most often related to infections. Among these, especially those caused by viruses stand out, being bacterial infections of a minority nature.
What is sinusitis?
Sinusitis is inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. There are numerous causes that can lead to the onset of sinusitis. Among them we can highlight the obstruction of the paranasal sinuses, infections and allergies.
The paranasal sinuses are cavities covered with mucosa that are responsible for filtering and moistening the air that enters through the nose, preventing the entry of microorganisms.
Among the symptoms that characterize this pathology we have pain, bad breath, nasal congestion or headaches. It also usually appears loss of smell, swollen eyes, greenish mucus and fever, which denotes its infectious nature. It is a fairly frequent health problem that can affect any of the sinuses .
Approach and treatment of sinusitis
Normally, the treatment of sinusitis focuses on improving the drainage of the paranasal sinuses and thus eliminating the infection. Some of the non-pharmacological measures that are carried out are the following:
- Vapors and inhalations with steam.
- Application of hot cloths over the breasts.
- Drinking hot liquids to reduce inflammation and improve drainage.
- Nasal washes with saline or aerosol irrigators.
- Sleep with your head raised.
Likewise, pharmacological sprays containing decongestant active principles such as phenylephrine or oxymetazoline can be used. These drugs help to decongest the upper parts of the nose, reducing the inflammation of the sinuses.
It is very important not to exceed the use of these drugs since rebound effect may appear later. In this way, congestion could be aggravated, complicating the resolution of sinusitis.