Bacterial overgrowth in the small intestine (SBID) is a disorder that occurs when bacteria grow without measure , causing an infection.
It is characterized by causing a strong inflammation in the digestive system, although it also usually causes flatulence, pain and other discomforts that tend to be recurrent.
It is quite common among those who have a diet rich in sugars, fats and refined products, since many strains of bacteria grow easily after feeding on these types of components.
As a result, it causes a poor absorption of lipids, in addition to diarrhea and metabolic difficulties.
The most worrisome is that there are those who are not aware that they suffer from it, since many of its symptoms tend to be confused with a common digestive discomfort.
This situation not only complicates its timely treatment but, with the days, can lead to serious complications.
Due to this it is very important to know the signals with which it manifests and what factors can influence its appearance.
In this opportunity we want to reveal its 7 main symptoms and some of its associated causes.
1. Abdominal distension
The distension is a digestive problem that is characterized by the sensation of bloating and abdominal discomfort.
Those who suffer from it tend to feel fullness, tension in the wall of the stomach and annoying roars.
2. Food intolerances
Starting to suffer a food intolerance may have to do with the activity of bacteria in the intestine.
Since the harmful strains grow excessively, the process of digestion of proteins and fats is compromised , and can cause certain discomforts when eating foods such as:
- Milk and derivatives
- Foods rich in fructose
- Breads or biscuits
3. Abdominal cramps
While abdominal cramps can be triggered by many factors, bacterial overgrowth is a major cause.
4. Feeling fatigue
Most people know that fatigue is a very common symptom in many diseases that afflict the body.
Despite this, it is important to mention it, since it is quite frequent among those who are having problems in their intestines.
The bacterial imbalance that originates in the intestine tends to compromise the mechanisms that are responsible for digesting fats , causing not only the accumulation of these, but also symptoms such as diarrhea.
In this case it is produced as a response of the body in its eagerness to combat the bacterial action that affects its functions.
This disorder is characterized by an alteration of the intestine that causes excessive hardening of the stool , making it difficult to expel.
7. Nutritional deficiencies
The alterations that the intestine undergoes due to the abnormal growth of its bacteria prevents that the nutrients are absorbed correctly and, with the days, the person begins to suffer nutritional deficiencies.
What are the causes of the overgrowth of bacteria?
This disorder arises when something interferes with the digestive process, and prevents it from transporting bacteria and waste to the colon.
This can occur due to damage to the nerves and muscles of the intestine, either by excessive consumption of some medications or the development of diseases such as diabetes.
It is also related to physical obstructions in the intestine, such as scars, ulcers or .
In addition, as mentioned above, it is very common for excessive intake of refined, alcohol and sugars.
Take into account all these symptoms and consult the doctor in a timely manner is crucial to prevent the development of more serious diseases.
For an accurate diagnosis, the doctor can prescribe urine tests or samples of whole stool.
The treatment usually includes modifications in the diet and some antibiotic medicines.