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The 10 most common skin allergies

Allergies can complicate our lives in many ways, so it is important to be aware of skin rashes that may occur . Learn about the 10 most common skin allergies, how to identify them and the appropriate measures to prevent them from affecting you.

Perfumes and fragrances

Perfumes and fragrances are one of the most common causes of allergies in adults and continue to grow. These products cover a large number of options: soaps, body lotions, shampoos, household cleaning products, wet wipes, among others. It may be the case that even those products labeled “unscented” can cause contact dermatitis . If you realize that a product with fragrance causes you allergic reactions, switch to products with natural oils or fragrance-free products.


Another of the allergies that most dermatologists treat is nickel. This metal is used to create fancy jewelry, some pieces with gold and piercings. The most common reactions occur in the ears, due to nickel earrings and can occur at the first contact or after a lot of use. Products that use nickel are very diverse: watches, lens frames, latches, buttons, belts, cufflinks, etc.


It is increasingly common to find allergies caused by latex, this is because the number of products that have it as a base has grown considerably. This material is used to make gloves, balls, clothes, hair bands, condoms and many other products. The symptoms of latex allergy range from small hives or redness of the skin to difficulty breathing and vomiting.

Hair color

The 10 most common skin allergies

Contact allergies with To avoid the discomfort of this allergy, the sensitivity test should be carried out as indicated on the package. PPD can also be found in other dyes, such as temporary black henna . Symptoms usually include itching, pain and swelling.

Poison Ivy

Poison ivy is a very common herb that contains urushiol, an oil that causes allergies in a large part of the population . This allergy occurs in the form of rashes, blisters, redness, hives and itchy skin. The urushiol is a sticky substance, characteristic that facilitates its spreading. The discomfort can be treated at home by washing the affected area with plenty of cold water and using antihistamines without a prescription.

Fabrics and fabrics

Although many people believe to be allergic to wool, this material in its pure state does not cause allergies. What happens in this case is that the texture causes some discomfort that can be confused with an allergy. In contrast, the textile materials that cause allergies are those derived from formaldehyde resins . This material is one of the basic components of elastic garments, waterproof, wrinkle and shrink .

Symptoms of formaldehyde allergy are burns, hives and swelling. In case you experience these symptoms, try to change your clothes for those that are made of cotton, polyester, nylon and acrylic free of formaldehyde . Sometimes, when the allergy is mild, the symptoms diminish or disappear after washing the garment several times.


The 10 most common skin allergies

Allergies to cosmetics may be due to fragrances, although they are also usually caused by added preservatives . Skin irritation is a common problem that can be experienced by anyone and at any time if the cosmetic is expired or is of poor quality. However, if redness, swelling and rashes are constantly present there is likely to be an allergy to certain elements such as formaldehyde, parabens or thimerosal. If you experience any allergy to cosmetics it is important that you stop using them and over time you try some products gradually, until you find the right cosmetics for your skin .

Topical medications

Antibiotic creams and ointments that are often used to treat cuts and other discomforts contain neomycin, an ingredient that can cause allergies ranging from light to very severe. Medications that contain it can cause irritation or dryness in hives in the area and contact. If you suspect that you are allergic to neomycin, it is advisable to go to the allergist to perform an allergy test and confirm it. Once you are sure you have this allergy, it is important to tell your doctor and dentist to avoid these products when treating you.


The sunscreens that we use can cause effects contrary to those we seek if we are allergic to them and expose ourselves to the sun. It may sound weird, but some chemicals used in these products negatively change allergy sufferers when they come in contact with the sun. The chemicals that cause these allergies are para-benzoic acid (PABA), benzophenones, oxybenzone, salicylates and cyclohexanol . Some skins are more resistant and may not present any discomfort or have very slight discomfort. In any case, to avoid any risk you can look for free sunscreens of these compounds.

Household Products

The household products that normally cause allergies are those that contain solvents and adhesives, mainly some types of very strong and very durable adhesives . Examples of these products are thinner, polish remover sensitive skin can develop allergies if they are in constant contact with these products.

Learn to identify the first symptoms of allergies

The 10 most common skin allergies

It is important to be alert to the first symptoms of an allergy . These are usually redness, itching, burning and small hives. If we identify them, we must clean the area with water and neutral soap, in addition to avoiding any contact with what causes us allergies. If the symptoms are very serious, you should go to the dermatologist or allergist.

The 10 most common skin allergies