Cardiac conditions are those that affect the cardiovascular system. Many of these conditions usually cause the arteries to lose thickness and the amount of blood that the heart pumps is smaller, which directly affects the blood pressure.
Cardiac conditions make the person more at risk of heart attacks, and even kidney problems. However, if the person is aware and seeks to maintain a healthy lifestyle and medical control, heart conditions can be controlled .
Heart disease often presents asymptomatically and does not usually cause significant discomfort. Only in those in which the disease is in a more advanced state, the person can experience certain symptoms frequently. The following are the most common symptoms of heart disease:
- Pain in the jaw or back.
- Loss of knowledge
- Irregular heart palpitations
- Respiatory difficulties.
- Pressure in the chest
- Pain in the arms.
- Cold sweating
Among other possible manifestations of heart conditions are the following:
- Difficulty speaking and understanding
- Numbness in the face, legs or arms.
- Problems walking and loss of balance.
- Hypertension. This is the most common symptoms, it happens when the blood pressure against the wall in the bloodstream is higher than normal.
- Arteriosclerosis. It is a hardening in the arteries that occurs when the arteries that are attached to the heart lose elasticity and therefore fill with fat.
- Blockage of arteries. When the layer that covers the arteries is damaged, an accumulation of waste is generated, especially
- Heart attack. The heart muscle deteriorates because a clot blocks the blood supply.
- It occurs when a blood vessel that supplies blood to the brain is blocked for a period or permanently. Therefore, the brain does not control the movements of the body.
Most frequent heart conditions
1. Heart attacks
This problem occurs when fat accumulates in the form of plaques and obstructs the flow of blood that carries When this flow is not restored, the heart muscle begins to die causing an attack.
2. Blood pressure
This is responsible for measuring the force exerted by the blood against the walls of blood vessels. When there is an excess of fluid in the body, the blood vessels fill and therefore increase blood pressure.
3. Elevated triglycerides
4. Angina of breast
the heart does not receive enough blood supply. This happens when there is a blockage in the coronary arteries. The problem is when the effort is made in the heart because it does not receive the necessary amount of oxygen.
It consists of a disturbance in the pulse or heart rate ; that is, the heart may have tachycardia, beats too fast. Or, brachycardia that are too slow. Some arrhythmias cause dizziness and others are asymptomatic.
6. Atrial fibrillation
Atrial fibrillation is a type of arrhythmia that occurs when there is an electrical problem in the heart. In other words, the two upper chambers of the heart do not beat with rhythm and energy.
7. Heart failure
This condition prevents the heart from pumping blood to the rest of the body on a regular basis. This means that the heart can not pump blood as it should. Congestive heart failure may also occur, where excess fluid forms congestion in the lungs and other tissues of the body.
8. Peripheral arterial disease
It occurs when there is a narrowing in the blood vessels outside the It has its origin in arteriosclerosis, when plaque builds up in the arteries that take care of blood from the arms and legs. Unfortunately, if the obstruction of the flow is serious, it is necessary to amputate the affected area.
Care for heart conditions
- Exercise with regularity.
- Maintain a healthy and stable weight.
- Avoid the use of tobacco and alcohol.
- Maintain a balanced diet and rich nutritious foods.
- Reduce or avoid low density lipoproteins.
- Eat at least 5 servings of fruits and vegetables throughout the day.
- Monitor salt intake (some heart conditions require a limited intake of salt, while others require a diet with more salt).