Although there is no treatment for hepatitis A that is specific, doctors continue to offer different alternatives to seek the improvement of the patient through drugs, healthy habits, among other related measures.
Hepatitis A is an acute infection caused by the hepatitis A virus, which affects the cells of the body and the liver. It is mainly lodged in the feces of an infected person due to the ingestion of contaminated food or liquids .
Hepatitis A is present everywhere; it occurs sporadically and epidemically, sometimes with cyclical recurrences. Outbreaks are frequent in institutions, in care centers, in marginal areas of cities, in rural areas, in places where there is no strict control of water purification standards; also in refugee camps and in groups of soldiers, especially in times of war
The hepatitis A virus takes time to incubate is around 14 to 28 days. Among the main symptoms are:
- Threw up.
- Stomach ache.
- Pain in the right part of the stomach.
- Jaundice (yellowish pigmentation in skin and eyes).
How is it transmitted?
The hepatitis A virus is spread mainly through the faecal route , which can occur in the following ways:
- By means of the dirt of the hands of the infected person (the lack of hygienic habits can transmit the virus easily).
- Having contact with the blood or
- By having unprotected sex with an infected person.
- Eat fecally infected foods or beverages with the virus; that is, fruits, vegetables, water and particularly seafood.
There is no contagion when the infected person coughs or sneezes. There is no contagion when the patient is touched. On the other hand, hepatitis A is not spread through breast milk.
In the world, infections with the hepatitis A virus (HAV) amount to approximately 1.4 million cases per year. It is estimated that more than 50% of the population over 40 years old have IgG antibodies against the virus
Treatment of hepatitis A
Typically, hepatitis A improves naturally in a couple of weeks . But there are cases in which those affected experience the symptoms for up to 6 months. If so, it is necessary for the doctor to follow the case without resorting to over-the-counter medications.
para la hepatitis A aguda típica; Halabe Cherem states the following regarding the treatment of hepatitis A: There is no specific treatment for typical acute hepatitis A. forced bed rest is not essential for complete clinical recovery but many patients find themselves better if they restrict their physical activity. Some authors recommend bed rest until normal liver function tests.
- Reduce the consumption of dairy products.
- before and after going to the bathroom.
- It is recommended to eat well
- Avoid eating fruits on the street because they can be washed with contaminated water.
The application of 2 doses (at least 6 months apart) is required for the vaccine to be efficient. In the case of children, they are vaccinated during 12 and 23 months. Then they can receive the vaccine after 23 months. Like an adult, you can receive it if you have not been previously vaccinated. However, there are people who should consult with a specialist before receiving it:
- People suffering from a moderate to severe illness.
- People who have had serious allergies and who have put their lives at risk.
What is normal?
Like any other medication, vaccines also have mild side effects that are not considered an alarm signal. The normal thing is that these reactions last a maximum of 3 days. Among such effects are the following: pain, fatigue, headache, redness and .
José Halabe Cherem, Felipe Angulo Varguez. Viral hepatitis Mexico: , Specialty Hospital, 2000.
Dr. Jesús Felipe González Roldán. Viral Hepatitis. Mexico: Ministry of Health, 2012.