Legionellosis is a serious, often fatal, form of pneumonia. Its cause is the bacterium Legionella pneumophila, which is found in both drinking and non-potable water systems. In fact, the bacterium thrives on both fresh and hot water sources, such as jacuzzis and swimming pools.
This disease is contracted by breathing water droplets contaminated with Legionella bacteria. Frequently, outbreaks have been linked to water systems in hospital buildings and spas in hotels and cruises.
Many people who are exposed to Legionella do not get sick. However, Legionnaires’ disease is a life-threatening disease that requires rapid treatment . A treatment of legionellosis carried out early can prevent the deterioration of the quality of life in the long term.
Legionellosis begins to manifest symptoms within a period of 2 to 14 days after exposure to the bacteria. Therefore, this period is called the incubation period. The symptoms of the disease are similar to those of other types of pneumonia and include:
- Cough (productive with sputum of blood / phlegm or unproductive.
- Headaches and muscles.
- Fever above 103 ° F (39 ° C).
- If you have a due to another disease.
- If you suffer from a chronic lung disease.
- If you are over 50 years old.
- If you have cancer.
- If you smoke.
When legionnaires’ disease is not treated, the complications are life-threatening as they progress rapidly (especially in people who already have weakened immune systems). Among these are the following:
- Septic shock (when a serious infection causes organ failure and very low blood pressure).
- Renal insufficiency, which develops when the
- Respiratory failure due to pneumonia.
Treatment of Legionellosis
The treatment of legionellosis usually begins as soon as the disease is suspected, without waiting for confirmation. This significantly reduces the risk of complications. Many antibiotics are highly effective against Legionella bacteria.
The two most potent classes of the macrolides (azithromycin) and the quinolones (ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, gemifloxacin, trovofloxacin).
Other agents that have been shown to be effective include the following: tetracycline, doxycycline, minocycline, and trimethoprim / sulfamethoxazole. Erythromycin, the first antibiotic of choice, has been replaced by more potent and less toxic antibiotics.
Trying to cure a case of legionellosis with home remedies is extremely foolish. However, these can be great for treating some of the symptoms and getting relief.
By eating or chewing olive leaves, you can defend yourself against this and also prevent it from increasing its severity if you contract it. Extracts of olive leaves have been widely used due to their antiviral and antibacterial properties. In particular, they help counteract strains of bacteria that induce pneumonia.
Infusions of catnip, echinacea and reducing or breaking a fever is a sure way to support the effects of antibiotics in the treatment of legionellosis.
Anise seed tea
Legionellosis can often result in a severe cough with mucus or sputum. Anise seed tea has been linked to the reduction of respiratory symptoms that are so common and irritating during the healing process of this disease.
Citrus and ginger
Unfortunately, the disease causes patients to lose their appetite in almost all cases. This is dangerous, since food and its nutrients are essential for the body to function properly and help the drug eliminate the bacteria that cause the disease.
Perspective after treatment
The prognosis is generally good for healthy people who receive rapid treatment. However, the length of recovery time will depend on the severity of the disease and how quickly the treatment is received.
Legionellosis is usually more severe in older people who have weakened immune systems or other medical conditions. It should be noted that the elderly, and those with other health conditions, are particularly vulnerable to the effects of this pathology.
If the patient is an elderly person, he or she has a higher risk of developing complications and may need to stay in the hospital for a prolonged period. Many people recover fully with treatment , but most will need attention and close monitoring.
While in the hospital, patients can receive oxygen or other respiratory support. They can also receive fluids and electrolytes intravenously to treat dehydration .