This disease causes changes in intestinal transit and abdominal pain . It can alternate diarrhea with constipation and is more than related to food.
For that reason in the following article we will tell you what you should eat if you have irritable bowel and, of course, what foods you should avoid.
What is irritable bowel?
The correct name for this problem is and it can have different incidences depending on where we live.
For example, in industrialized countries it may be directly related to stress and the food we carry.
It can also be due to the state of mind, since it influences the intestinal secretions. For example, if we are anxious, angry or sad, the body secretes more bile.
This element has the function of digesting fats, but also acts as a laxative. Therefore, it can trigger diarrhea.
Until a few years ago, the profile of patients with irritable bowels corresponded to middle-aged women who worked outside the home and had to take care of the children as well.
However, at present this problem affects all ages, including children and young people.
While it may be temporary, irritable bowel syndrome is a chronic disease that can come and go without warning. It is basically characterized by abdominal distension, constipation, diarrhea and flatulence.
However, it is not so easy to diagnose because it shares symptoms with indigestion, for example.
To determine that this is the problem, should appear 3 days a month for 3 months and, in addition, be accompanied by at least one of the following signs:
- Increase of symptoms according to the shape or appearance of the stool.
- Appearance of symptoms after changes in the frequency of bowel movements.
- Improvement of symptoms after evacuation.
What do I do if I have irritable bowel?
Although for each patient the diet should be different, there are some guidelines that most people with irritable bowel should follow:
Balance fiber consumption
- On the one hand, the intake of insoluble
- On the other increase the consumption of soluble fiber, which improves the production of feces and the frequency of bowel movements.
Avoid fats and sugars
High-fat foods, refined sugars, and fructose (sugar found in some fruits) can increase irritable bowel symptoms.
Pay attention to drinks
- Coffee and tea should be swallowed moderately. Alcohol avoided as much as possible.
- Also, we can not forget about 2 liters of water per day. This guarantees the hydration of the whole body but above all in the formation of feces.
Water or herbal infusions (such as linden) combat constipation.
Many times it is a matter of attitude and how we take each situation. Do not worry too much, do not take work problems home , take time to do what you like and sleep well.
If you add to that a good diet in a short time you can reduce the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.
Food suitable for the irritable bowel
Eating habits are more than related to this problem. The factors that most affect are the frequency and amount of food eaten.
Therefore it is recommended to make more intakes, but of lesser quantity each .
For example, if you used to eat 3 times copiously, now try to make 6 small meals (divide in half each serving, basically).
Do not forget to chew a lot every bite and eat slowly. The rush only bring gas and indigestion. Take the time to eat. Nothing to finish a dish in 5 minutes or eat while you work.
The irregularities in habits change the functioning of the intestine and can cause pain and discomfort.
We recommend, in turn, that you choose soft or crushed food, as they are easier to digest.
Many people believe that irritable bowel syndrome is due to gluten intake, but this is not the case. While there are celiac patients who also have intestinal problems, not all should eliminate wheat from their diet .
To be safe, it is better to have a medical study.
Among the foods allowed for the irritable bowel we highlight:
We recommend that you consume them without skin and, if possible, boiled or cooked.
You can eat apple, watermelon, pear, peach and banana.
Steam them so they do not lose nutrients and are easier to digest.
The suitable ones are lettuce, asparagus, onion and garlic.
Legumes and cereals
Peas, lentils and soybeans can be great allies if you have irritable bowel syndrome.
In the case of cereals we recommend wheat, rye and barley.
If you are lactose intolerant, you can consume vegetable milks. Otherwise, if they are skimmed, dairy products are suitable.
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